There are 7 elements of interior design:
Space is one of the most important interior design elements. The space acts as a foundation on which the entire interior design plan is based. Therefore, it is important that the designer is well aware of the available space, its dimensions and its usability.
Lines are roughly divided into three types – horizontal, vertical and dynamic. While horizontal lines adorn structures such as tables, chairs and beds, vertical lines can be found on windows and doorways while horizontal lines give a safe and secure feel to the space, vertical lines feel free and expansive in nature. Dynamic or angular lines, which are action-oriented, add drama and can be seen on structures such as stairs.
Shapes means shapes in general, an outline of any three-dimensional object in space. Shapes can be created by combining two or more shapes and can be accentuated using different elements such as texture, patterns and colors.
Light is one of the most obvious parts of interior design. Either natural or artificial, without light, other elements, namely color, texture and pattern, have no meaning whatsoever. Light sets the mood and atmosphere of a living room and highlights all other elements including space, line and shapes.
Colors need no special introduction. Colors create an aesthetic connection between objects and set the mood. Colors must be chosen based on the psychology and mindset of the residents. As an example, red is an excellent choice for the dining area as it encourages appetite and green for the bedroom as it is the color of calm and health. Each color has three distinct properties, namely Hue, Value and Intensity, and an interior designer must be well aware of these properties to perform various permutations and combinations. Colors are roughly classified into two categories: primary and secondary colors.
Texture is mainly about surfaces and determines how a typical surface looks and feels. Texture adds depth and interest to a room and defines the feel/look and texture of a surface. Texture is broadly classified into two types – Visual Texture where the texture is only visible and Actual Texture where the texture is both seen and felt. Anything that has to do with textiles such as cushion covers, bed covers or anything with a covering such as draperies, wall paint or wallpaper has a texture.
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